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Magma budget quantification

Magma budget quantification



ERC Sectors

PE10_5 - Geology, tectonics, volcanology


Research targets:
Quantify magma supply and magma output rates using satellite data


Research activity:
The rate at which deeply-sourced magma enters a magmatic system (magma supply rate) and the rate at which it comes out of it (magma output rate) are two essential parameters that govern the magmatic budget of a volcano. These two parameters determine whether a magma chamber is in non-equilibrium steady state (i.e the magma input equal to the output), or whether it is subject to accumulation(pressurization) or emptying (depressurization) phenomena, that necessarily have a strong control on the type and timescale of surface activity. Their understanding is thus relevant for both physical description of volcanic phenomena and hazard mitigation plans. This line of research is focused on the quantification of magma supply / eruption rates through the analysis of satellite data (mainly thermal flux and SO2 flux) and their integration with other geophysical / geochemical data.



  • DST-Firenze - Dipartimento Scienze della Terra – Università di Firenze (Italy)
  • INGV – Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (Italy)
  • IMO - Icelandic Meteorological Office (Iceland)
  • SERNAGEOMIN – Servicio Nacional de GeologÍa y MinerÍa (Chile)
  • UNSA – Universidad Nacional de San Agustine de Arequipa (Perú)
  • GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory (Democratic Republic of Congo)
  • IGEPN – Instituto Geofisico – Eescuela Politécnica Nacional (Ecuador)
  • INGEMMET – Instituto Geologico, Minero y Metalurgico (Perú)
  • IPGP – Institute du Phisique du Globe de Paris (France)
  • IGP – Instituto GeofÍsico del Perú (Perú)
  • GFZ – Deutsches GeoForschungs Zentrum (Germany)


Coppola, D., M. Laiolo, F. Massimetti & C. Cigolini (2019) Monitoring endogenous growth of open-vent volcanoes by balancing thermal and SO2 emissions data derived from space. Scientific Reports, 9: 9394, Coppola, D., Barsotti, S., Cigolini, C., Laiolo, M., Pfeffer M.A., Ripepe, M. (2019). Monitoring the time-averaged discharge rates, volumes and emplacement style of large lava flows by using MIROVA system: the case of the 2014-2015 eruption at Holuhraun (Iceland). Annals of Geophysics, 61, accepted manuscript ; Laiolo, M., Ripepe, M., Cigolini, C., Coppola, D., Della Schiava, M., Genco, R., Innocenti, L., Lacanna, G., Marchetti, E., Massimetti, F., Silengo, M.C. (2019). Space- and Ground-Based Geophysical Data Tracking of Magma Migration in Shallow Feeding System of Mount Etna Volcano. Remote Sens. 11(10), p. 1182; D’Aleo, R., Bitetto, M., Delle Donne, D., Coltelli, M., Coppola, D., McCormick Kilbride, B., Pecora, E., Ripepe, M., Salem, L. C., Tamburello, G., Aiuppa, A. (2019). Understanding the SO2 Degassing Budget of Mt Etna’s Paroxysms: First Clues From the December 2015 Sequence. Front. Earth Sci. 6: 239. Laiolo, M., Massimetti, F., Cigolini, C., Ripepe, M., & Coppola, D. (2018). Long-term eruptive trends from space-based thermal and SO2 emissions: A comparative analysis of stromboli, batu tara and tinakula volcanoes. Bulletin of Volcanology, 80(9) Aiuppa A, de Moor JM, Arellano S, Coppola D, Francofonte V, Galle B, Giudice G, Liuzzo M, Mendoza E, Saballos A, Tamburello G, Battaglia A, Bitetto M, Gurrieri S, Laiolo M., Mastrolia A, Moretti M (2018) Tracking formation of a lava lake from ground and space: Masaya volcano (Nicaragua), 2014–2017. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 19 (2): 496-515. Coppola D, Laiolo M., Franchi A, Massimetti F, Cigolini C, Lara LE (2017) Measuring effusion rates of obsidian lava flows by means of satellite thermal data. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 347, 82-90. Coppola, D., Ripepe, M., Laiolo, M., Cigolini, C. (2017) Modelling Satellite-derived magma discharge to explain caldera collapse. Geology 45(6), pp. 523-526. Coppola, D., Di Muro, A., Peltier, A., Villeneuve, N., Ferrazzini, V., Favalli, M., Bachèlery, P., Gurioli, L., Harris, A.J.L., Moune, S., Vlastélic, I., Galle, B., Arellano, S., Aiuppa, A. (2017) Shallow system rejuvenation and magma discharge trends at Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 463, pp. 13-24.

Tag: Magma supply rate, lava discharge rate, magma budget, thermal and SO2 flux, inflation/deflation.

Last update: 22/07/2019 16:17
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